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An EN14450 Secure Cabinet Is Not A Safe

EN14450 is the European Standard for a light secure storage unit referred to as a “Secure Cabinet”. Previous versions of the EN14450 European standard referred to this unit as a “Secure Safe Cabinet”, however, marketing of EN14450 Cabinets as “Safes” particularly “Home Safes” became so widespread that the title of the EN14450 “Secure Safe Cabinet” standard was formally changed by a Europe wide vote in 2020. 

This vote, initiated by Ireland, via CEN263, removed the word “Safe” in the English language version of the standard in an effort to protect both consumers and insurers. Notably the UK, through BSI, despite Chairmanship of the committee, abstained. It should also be noted that other language versions of the EN14450 standard had no linguistic anomaly that could lead to confusion and were simply titled “Secure Cabinet”.

  EN14450 - Not Even Close To Being A Safe

Being more lightly constructed than a safe, Secure Cabinets are cheaper to produce and more easily transported and installed, as well as ideal for low-cost delivery by couriers. The problem for insurers and consumers alike, who may accept an EN14450 cabinet as a safe or home safe is that these units are not even close to the burglary resistance one can expect from the lightest grade of certified safe.

In European laboratories EN14450 Secure Cabinets are only tested against a range of light “hand tools”. Where power tools are used, it is only to simulate manual tools in a manner that does not give a stronger tester an advantage. Even so, the result of such testing is that a Secure Cabinet’s survivability against light hand tools is a fraction that of the lowest grade of Certified Safe (European Standard EN1143-1) for which test technicians have access to a range of over two hundred tools including the heaviest power tools and thermic lances. Despite these facts the marketing of EN14450 Secure Safe Cabinets (Security level S1 and S2) as  safes is still an everyday occurrence not only in the UK and Ireland but in the rest of Europe.

Finally, it must be noted that S1 and S2 Secure Cabinets have no insurance rating in Ireland and most of Europe, yet if you were to Google “Safes” today, a vast number of search results described as “Safes” will be S1 & S2 “Secure Cabinets”, many claiming ratings for cash and a jewellery as high as €50,000 overnight.

secure safe cabinet EN14450